5. Release/Throw. At this time the ball will be released and thrown aiming at the target with your body, elbow, and eyes. Your non-throwing arm should move foward first as if your pushing a defender out of the way. Your throwing arm should follow your non-throwing arm in the beginning of the release. Your throwing arm should release the ball with your finger tips last touching the ball and then your arm should come across your body on a horizontal angle as your weight, body, and hips shift and follow through.
Anatomical Reference Position- erect standing position with all body parts, including the palms of the hands, facing forward; considered the starting position for body segment movements.
Sagittal Plane- plane in which forward and backward movements of the body and body segments occur
Transverse Plane- plane in which horizontal body and body segment movements occur when the body is in an erect standing position.
Frontal Plane- plane in which lateral movements of the body and body segments occur
Anteroposterior Axis -imaginary line around which frontal plane rotations occur
Mediolateral Axis- imaginary line around sagittal plane rotations occur
Anterior- toward the front of the body
Superior- closer to the head
Inferior-farther away from the head
Horizontal Abduction- “to take away” and moves a body segment away from the midline of the body on a horizontal angle
Adduction-“to bring back” and moves a body segment closer to the midline of the body
Supinated- combined conditions of plantar flexion, inversion, and adduction.
Hyperextension- rotation beyond anatomical position in the direction opposite the direction of flexion.
Extension- movement that returns a body segment to anatomical position from a position of flexion.
Flexion- anteriorly directed sagittal plane rotations of the head, trunk, upper arm, forearm, hand, and hip, and posteriorly directed sagittal plane rotation of the lower leg.
General Motion- involving translation and rotation simultaneously
Rectilinear- along a straight line
Curvilinear-along a curved line
Weight- attractive force that the earth exerts on a body
Stress- distribution of a force within a body, quantified as force divided by the area over which the force acts