Wednesday, September 22, 2010

Throwing the Football Step by Step Instructions

1. Stance.  The stance for throwing a football at your desired target should be with your feet shoulder with apart. Your knees should be bent a little bit and your body should be in a straight line in line with the target.

2. Foot work. The foot work for throwing a football should be a 3-5 step drop back with 1 foot crossing over the other one as you approach backwards in a straight line aiming at the target.
3. Arms Up. Your arms at this time should be raised up high with the football being able to throw it at any time in case of an emergency. Both hands should be on the ball protecting it and up high ready to release.
4. Elbows Up. Your elbows should be up holding the football with your hands. Your elbow should be aimed right at the target and up a little high and not pointed downward or else the ball with drift downward in a angular motion after the throw is released. The arms should be up with the ball right next to your ear.

5. Release/Throw. At this time the ball will be released and thrown aiming at the target with your body, elbow, and eyes. Your non-throwing arm should move foward first as if your pushing a defender out of the way. Your throwing arm should follow your non-throwing arm in the beginning of the release. Your throwing arm should release the ball with your finger tips last touching the ball and then your arm should come across your body on a horizontal angle as your weight, body, and hips shift and follow through.

Anatomical Reference Position- erect standing position with all body parts, including the palms of the hands, facing forward; considered the starting position for body segment movements.
Sagittal Plane- plane in which forward and backward movements of the body and body segments occur
Transverse Plane- plane in which horizontal body and body segment movements occur when the body is in an erect standing position.
Frontal Plane- plane in which lateral movements of the body and body segments occur
Anteroposterior Axis -imaginary line around which frontal plane rotations occur
Mediolateral Axis- imaginary line around sagittal plane rotations occur
Anterior- toward the front of the body
Superior- closer to the head
Inferior-farther away from the head
Horizontal Abduction- “to take away” and moves a body segment away from the midline of the body on a horizontal angle
Adduction-“to bring back” and moves a body segment closer to the midline of the body
Supinated- combined conditions of plantar flexion, inversion, and adduction.
Hyperextension- rotation beyond anatomical position in the direction opposite the direction of flexion.
Extension- movement that returns a body segment to anatomical position from a position of flexion.
Flexion- anteriorly directed sagittal plane rotations of the head, trunk, upper arm, forearm, hand, and hip, and posteriorly directed sagittal plane rotation of the lower leg.
General Motion- involving translation and rotation simultaneously
Rectilinear- along a straight line
Curvilinear-along a curved line
Weight- attractive force that the earth exerts on a body
Stress- distribution of a force within a body, quantified as force divided by the area over which the force acts

Throwing the Football- Novice Video